GOST 12.1.044-89: 俄罗斯GOST防火测试标准

文章正文
 
 
GOST 12.1.044-89: 俄罗斯GOST防火测试标准
GOST 12.1.044-89 USSR / Russia State Standard
 
GOST 12.1.044-89 Fire and explosion hazard of substances and materials. Range of indices and methods of their determination. (CMEA Standard 4831-84,CMEA Standard 6219-88,International Standard ISO4589,CMEA Standard 6527-88) 
GOST 12.1.044-89材料的火灾和爆炸危险性-指标范围和测试方法
 
GOST 12.1.044-89俄罗斯GOST系列防火测试标准 - 前言
 
随着各种新材料的大量开发和应用,潜在的火灾危险因素也越来越多,火灾的危害性也随着越来越大。无情的大火曾夺去无数人的生命,也吞噬了无数的社会财富,因此增强材料的阻燃防火性能,日益受到各个领域的重视。
 
轨道交通领域对材料的阻燃要求更加严格,各国的要求也有所不同。当前最具代表性的标准有欧盟EN 45545-2,德标DIN5510,英标BS6853,法标NF F16-101,铁标TB/T3237,美标NFPA130,意大利UNI CEI 11170-3,俄罗斯GOST 12.1.044-89等等。
 
GOST 12.1.044-89俄罗斯GOST系列防火测试标准- 标准概述
 
GOST 12.1.044-89本标准适用于基础材料,聚合混合物,包括聚合物和复合材料等。但该标准不适用于易爆和放射性的物质。
 
GOST 12.1.044-89标准规定了材料的火灾和爆炸危险性的指标范围和测试方法 。
 
GOST 12.1.044-89 - 橡胶材料(举例)
 
测试方法
2.1   可燃烧测试GOST 30244-94
2.14 烟密度测试 GOST 12.1.044-89
2.15火焰蔓延测试 GOST 51032-9
2.16 毒性测试 GOST 12.1.044-89
 
测试结果指标
 
C: 1,2,3,4
F: 1,2,3,4
S: 1,2,3,4
T: 1,2,3,4
 
GOST 12.1.044-89俄罗斯GOST系列防火标准 - 测试参考
 
2.1 Combustibility
2.2 Flash point
2.3 Ignition point
2.4 Self-ignition point
2.5 Concentration limits of flame spreading
2.6 Temperature limits of flame spreading
2.7 Smoldering point
2.8 Conditions of thermal Self-ignition
2.9 Minimum ignition energy
2.10 Oxygen index
2.11 Ability to explode and burn upon interaction with water, air oxygen and etc
2.12 Normal speed of flame spreading
2.13 Burn-up speed
2.14 Fume evolution coefficient
2.15 Index of flame spreading
2.16 Toxicity indicator of combustion products of polymeric materials
2.17 Minimum retarding concentration of a retarder
2.17 Minimum explosive
2.18 Minimum explosive content of oxygen
2.19 Maximum explosion pressure
2.20 Rate of explosion pressure rise
 
GOST俄罗斯其他阻燃防火测试标准参考
 
GOST 30402-96 Rate inflammability of construction materials
GOST 30402-96 建筑材料的燃烧速率测试
 
GOST Р 51032-97 Test Method for floor and roof coverings against flame spread
GOST Р 51032-97 铺地和屋顶材料的火焰蔓延测试
 
GOST 30244-94 Combustibility test of construction materials
GOST 30244-94 建筑材料可燃性测试
 
GOST 12.1.044-89 Determine toxicity indices of polymeric materials’ combustion products
GOST 12.1.044-89 聚合物材料燃烧产物的毒性指数测试
 
GOST 27484-87 / GOST 28779-90 Test Method for electric insulating materials and electrical equipment with a needle-shaped flame torch and a Bunsen burner
GOST 27484-87 / GOST 28779-90 电绝缘材料和电气设备测试
 
GOST Р МЭК 60332-3-10-2005 Test cables of bunch group laying against flame non-spread
GOST Р МЭК 60332-3-10-2005 电线电缆成束燃烧测试
 
GOST Р МЭК 332-1-96 Test a single rise cable against flame non-spread
GOST Р МЭК 332-1-96 电线电缆单根燃烧测试
 
GOST 30244-94 Test construction materials against incombustibility
GOST 30244-94 建筑材料不燃性测试
 
GOST 12.1.044-89 Determine a smoke generation index of solid substances and materials
GOST 12.1.044-89 材料的烟雾密度测试方法
 
GOST of RussiaTest a building structure against fire resistance
俄罗斯GOST标准 建材耐燃性测试
 
 
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